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e2001 - Abstracts

Abstracts of Papers Published in the Conference Proceedings - Section 2.4: Intelligent Networked Organisations

Section 2.4: Intelligent Networked Organisations
Inter-Domain Authorisation and Delegation for Business-to-Business e-Commerce
P. Michiardi, R. Molva
FLoCI-EE: Flexible Low-Cost Internet-Extended Enterprise
K. Fürst
Value Networks: Business Process Integration over the Internet
R.D. Franco, Á. Ortiz Bas, F. Lario Esteban, R. Navurro Varela
Enterprise Intra- and Inter-Organisation Integration Need for International Consensus
K. Kosanke
The Four Layers of EE and VO Infrastructures
F. Lillehagen, D. Karlsen, K. Tangen
Design of Information Services Based on the Service Flow Concept
V. Spitadakis, M. Manasaki, P. Chatzaras, A. Koumpis
Designing Virtual Communities to Support E-Commerce Adoption
A. Angehrn, T. Nabeth, B. Subirana
Configuration Concepts for Process Adaptation
G. Peter, T. Rose, C. Rupprecht, A. Zwegers, E. Van Hulm
The Business Architect: Getting to Grips with New Business Development
D. Aston, B. Katzy, V. Kazei
Classification of Dynamic Organisational Forms and Co-ordination Roles
K. Riemer, S. Klein and D. Selz
From Business Community towards btob-Commerce
I. Hussla, A. Thiemann
Dynamic Management of Virtual Enterprises in the Textile/Garment Industry
J. Fradinho Oliveira, A. De Oliveira
The What and Why of a Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture
J. Vesterager, P. Bernus, J.D. Pedersen, M. Tølle
Sophisticated Co-Operation in Dynamic SME Networks Based on Co-operative Planning and Control
M. Ryba, M. Matthiesen, B. Löffler, R. Aits, Á.D. De Oliveira

Inter-Domain Authorisation and Delegation for Business-to-Business e-Commerce
Pietro Michiardi and Refik Molva
Institut Eurecom, 2229 Route des Cretes BP 193 06904 Sophia-Antipolis France

Security exposures are viewed as a major impediment to the growth of electronic commerce over Internet. The main requirement of inter-enterprise communications is the verification of the role granted by a company to each individual instead of the authentication of individuals based on their universal names as provided by X509 digital ID's. We depict in this paper an original mechanism for role-based authorisation in inter-enterprise business communications. This mechanism is based on a secure extension of X509 ID certificates using SPKI authorisation certificates. The mechanism was transparently integrated into existing application and network security packages. This platform was developed as part of an R&D project supported by the TEN TELECOM program of the European Commission.

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FLoCI-EE: Flexible Low-Cost Internet-Extended Enterprise
Karl FURST
Vienna University of Technology Institute of Flexible Automation (INFA), Gusshausstrasse 27-29/361, A-l 040 Vienna, Austria

FLoCI-EE aims at the development of an easy to use, component based software system to support the whole lifecycle of products in extended enterprises. In an extended enterprise, there exists an intensive co-operation between classical enterprises, with the aim to design, manufacture and sale a product or service, independent of enterprise borderlines. Each participant contributes enterprise specific core know-how. The needed IT-support includes functions of product data management (PDM), enterprise resource planning (ERP), supply chain management (SCM) and customer relationship management. (CRM). Especially for small and medium sized enterprises, existing solutions are too expensive and inflexible to be of use under current turbulent market conditions. FLoCI-EE is a project in the fifth framework programme of the European Commission with 8 partners from 4 countries, which started in January 2001 and will be finished in December 2003. This paper contains a detailed description of the project, first findings, and conclusions.

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Value Networks: Business Process Integration over the Internet
Ruben Dario FRANCO, Angel ORTIZ BAS, Francisco LARIO ESTEBAN, Rosa NAVARRO VARELA
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Departamento de Organizacion de Empresas, Spain

The raising number of B2B electronic marketplaces based on its increasing potential benefits has shifted its original value proposal. Thus, today many industry leaders and international standardisation groups are promoting initiatives that allow to effectively support the integration process between dissimilar business architectures in a reliable and transparent way to conform value networks. In this work the desired integration mechanism is depicted and some of these initiatives are analysed in order to determine which of them is well suited to effectively provide a framework where truly SMEs involvement on these value networks could be possible.

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Enterprise Intra- and Inter-Organisation Integration Need for International Consensus
Kurt KOSANKE
CIMOSA Association e. V. Stockholmer Str. 7, D- 71034 Boblingen, Germany

Today enterprises become increasingly dependent on the availability of information and knowledge especially for the world-wide collaboration and co-operation of enterprises. However, application of relevant technology is still hampered by seemingly conflicting terminology. Conflicting terminology that is even introduced in relevant international standards. With two international initiatives in the past (1992 and 1997) and one planned for the future (2002) attempts are made to increase consensus in the area of enterprise engineering and integration. More efforts are still required to achieve the needed industry wide common understanding of the contents of information and knowledge to be exchanged between partners. The paper will highlight results from the previous initiatives and identities current shortcomings e.g. inconsistency of terminology used in international standards in the area of enterprise engineering and integration.

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The Four Layers of EE and VO Infrastructures
Frank LILLEHAGEN, Dag Karlsen and Kjell Tangen
Computas AS, Vollsveien 9, P.O.Box 482, 1327 Lysaker, Norway

This paper describes a four-layered EE and VO Infrastructure to support the required working environments and behaviours of dynamic networked organisations. The four layers of the EE Infrastructure: - the ICT layer, the knowledge representation layer, the model and work management layer, and the work performance layer, are defined and described. The EE Infrastructure version 1 .O is based on integration of the EXTERNAL tools through data integration, using a common object model, implemented as XML files stored in a file-based repository. The Infrastructure, version 1.5, will be implemented in the EXTERNAL project, IST 1999-10091 and released in November 2001.

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Design of Information Services Based on the Service Flow Concept
Vassilis SPITADAKIS(1), Maria MANASAKI(1), Panes CHATZARAS(2), Adamantios KOUMPIS(2)
(1) FORTHNET S.A.. STEP Crete, Vassilika Voutwn, GR-71003, P.0 Box 2219, Crete, Greece
UNISOFT S.A. Research Programmes Division, Michael Kalou 6, GR - 546 29 Thessaloniki, Greece

The main characteristic of the Dilemma system presented in the paper is its flexibility to combine information entities and provision procedures in order to build compound service (i.e. meta-service) and service packages (bundles), oriented to serve customers with highly differentiated needs related to content, functionality and costs. The facilitation of service management, based upon user behavioural patterns, forms the basis for assessing the added value of the service. A billing architecture enables the usage-driven charging of the service.


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Designing Virtual Communities to Support E-Commerce Adoption
Albert Angehm(1), Thierry Nabeth(1), Brian Subirana(2)
(1) Centre for Advanced Learning Technology (CALT), INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France
(2) IESE, Barcelona, Spain

In the context of the ECAMP IST European project we are designing a virtual community as a means for helping managers from Small Medium size Enterprises (SMEs) to better understand, develop, evaluate and implement E- Commerce projects in the B2B area.
In the first part of the paper, we evaluate the importance of designing virtual communities addressing SME managers, and in particular how such knowledge- exchange networks can facilitate and accelerate the adoption of E-commerce practices. In the second part, we examine how technology can be used to provide support to such a virtual community and derive a set of design principles. In particular, this section explains that beyond providing digital communication means, the technology should also be used to support much more deeply the social process (opinion, reputation, trust, and co-ordination). Finally, we illustrate how these virtual communities design principles are being applied in the context of the ECAMP project.

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Configuration Concepts for Process Adaptation
Gerhard PETER(1), Thomas ROSE(1), Christian RUPPRECHT(1), Arian ZWEGERS(2), and Emico VAN HALM(2)
(1) Research Institute for Applied Knowledge Processing (FAW), 89081 Ulm, Germany
(2) Baan Development, Baron van Nagellstraat 89, 3771 LK Barneveld, Netherlands

Virtual enterprises experience serious struggle when defining and adapting their business processes across the members of the virtual enterprise. The research in ProACTIVE aims at developing a methodology and tool box that allows a (semi-)automatic (re-) configuration of one-of-a-kind business process models fitting the specific requirements and constraints of a project in a virtual enterprise. Our approach elaborates the idea of making these requirements and constraints explicit by representing them in a model for each project. In this paper, we present first results of requirements and constraints collected from our industrial partners and discuss their impact on the methodology.

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The Business Architect: Getting to Grips with New Business Development
Dawn ASTON, Bernhard KATZY, Vera KAZEI
Virtual Enterprise Architects BV, Plantsoen 97, 2311 KL Leiden, The Netherlands

Firms which are characterised by their agility and dynamic innovation are the direct result of the active driving force of managers who are willing to venture. Entrepreneurs are generally praised as the genius rendering such a service - or blamed as adventurers ruining investors' fortunes. The Business Architect Project is aiming to reduce the level of emotion associated with creating new ventures and to increase the level of professionalism in a systematic new business development process. The paper describes a suite of services being developed by the Business Architect Project which focus on three essential tasks in new business development: access to the right people, the design of the appropriate business system for the new venture and the quantification of the value created by it. The service of Business Architects is not limited to one organisational form. We therefore develop three typical user scenarios that clarify the integrated use of the Business Architect Service: the Business Architect as the entrepreneur behind the high-tech start-up, the Business Architect as the New Business Development Manager in a large Multinational, and the Business Architect as the Designer of a Joint Venture of medium sized firms.

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Classification of Dynamic Organisational Forms and Co-ordination Roles
Kai RIEMER(1), Stefan KLEIN(1) and Dorian SELZ(2)
(1) Institute of Information Systems, Muenster University, D-48149 Muenster
(2) namics AG, Teufenstrasse 19, CH-9000 St. Gallen

The paper introduces a heuristic for the identification of co-ordination needs in inter-organisational arrangements. Based on a classification of inter-organisational arrangements co-ordination needs in dynamic organisational forms are identified. The classification criteria are used to specify corresponding co-ordination tasks. Elaborating on the concept of co-ordination roles, tasks are assigned to particular types of inter-organisational arrangements.

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From Business Community towards btob-Commerce
Ingo HUSSLA and Andrea THIEMANN
IZET Innovationszentrum Itzehoe, Gesellschaft fur Technologieforderung Itzehoe mbH, Fraunhoferstrasse 3, 25524 Itzehoe, Germany
 
The regional public non-profit incubator, IZET Innovationszentrum Itzehoe, is a major driver of innovation, technology transfer and entrepreneurial support in Northern Germany. IZET is dedicated to exploitation and application of IT-technologies including eCommerce activities. Currently, a Schleswig-Holstein state funded co-operation project, www.btob-markt-sh.de, is underway addressing a threefold of activities, namely creation of virtual and btob companies, promotion of www.bidbizz.com, a new btob platform for the sale of industrial goods, and support by virtual management guidance development. First results regarding creation of virtual companies are reported. Specific attendance is paid towards SMEs. Two outstanding mechanisms are observed: a well organised community of individual business entities create a virtual business platform www.agrarportal-nord.de and a number of complementary (internet) business entities decide to be a virtual company participating in the btob market www.ok-onlinekaufen.de. The technology requirements and problems of btob platform implementation is briefly summarised.
 
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Dynamic Management of Virtual Enterprises in the Textile/Garment Industry
Jorge FRADINHO OLIVEIRA(1) and Alvaro DE OLIVEIRA(2)
(1) Omegamedia, Alameda da Guia, no192A, 2750-368 Cascais, Portugal
(2) Alfamicro, Alameda da Guia, no 192A, 2750-368 Cascais, Portugal
 
The SCOOP project addresses the problem of managing co-operation in dynamic SME networks using an innovative and advanced solution based on co-operative plating and control. We will be describing the SCOOP application to the highly dynamic business scenario of the textile/garment industry which requires high flexibility and configurability to adapt the business processes of the enterprise network to the fast changes of the fashion market. The threats to the traditional European garment industry can be successfully overcome by a balanced use of IT technologies and business process x-engineering, together with an innovative business strategy. Sustained competitiveness is achieved by improved productivity, creative design and efficient logistics and fulfilment supported by IT.
 
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The What and Why of a Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture
Johan Vesterager(1), Peter Bernus(2), Jens Dahl Pedersen(1) and Martin Tolle(1)
(1) Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
(2) Griffith University, Nathan (Brisbane) Queensland 4111 Australia
 
Many enterprises today struggle with the challenge of using the full potential of ICT for a rapid creation of global customer focused, efficient and effective virtual enterprises. This paper presents a Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture (based on the draft international standard GERAM) to serve as a common integrating basis for these efforts, recognising the global challenge for common understanding, procedures, and methods.
 
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Sophisticated Co-Operation in Dynamic SME Networks Based on Co-operative Planning and Control
Michael Ryba(1), Michael Matthiesen(1), Benno Loffler(2), Rainer Aits(2), Alvaro Duarte de Oliveira(3)
(1) University of Stuttgart, IPVR, D- 70565 Stuttgart, Germany
(2) Fraunhofer IPA, Nobelstrasse 12, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
(3) Alfamicro, Lda., Alameda de Guia No 192a, P-2750 Cascais, Portugal
 
Due to the growing competition in a global market, the importance of close co-operation - esp. between small and medium companies - is steadily increasing. The SCOOP project addresses the problem of managing co-operation in dynamic SME networks using an innovative and advanced solution based on co-operative planning and control. The textile and printing industries have been chosen as ideal representatives of highly dynamic business scenarios. Starting with a description of the current problems, this paper discusses the specific requirements for co-operation support in both scenarios and describes the resulting architecture of the SCOOP software toolset.

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