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e2000 - Abstracts

Abstracts of Papers Published in the Conference Proceedings - Section 7: E-business for Manufacturing Industry

Section 7: E-business for Manufacturing Industry
Virtual Enterprise Co-Operation Model for Web-Enabled Production Management for SME-Networks
P. Kalliokoski, I. Seilonen, M. Ollus, K.O. Koskinen
Global Engineering and Manufacturing in Enterprise Networks - GLOBEMEN
J. Laitinen, M. Ollus, M. Hannus
Presentation of the IMS-project approach to analyze and improve logistics performances in production networks
M. Rüttgers, M. Weidemann
ICT-Supported Participative Simulation to Enable Integrated Intellectual Capital Management
F.M. van Eijnatten, R.J. van den Berg, J.B.M. Goossenaerts
An Overview of IMS-HUTOP Project
H. Tomita, S. Hata, H. Koshimizu, K. Kishimoto, T. Kaihara
Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems
P. Bunce, C. Anderson
A dynamic management methodology with modular and integrated methods and tools for knowledge-based, adaptive SMEs: IMS Project SYMPHONY
C. Meier, P. Jehle, I. Affolter, L. Brouyere, E. Merino, L. Sciboz, N. Roth, J. Prieto, J. Kemp
Harmony: Coping with the Complexity of Business Innovation
B. Söndgerath, J. Martinetz
Web Enabled Collaborative Forecast
A. de Oliveira, J. de Oliveira, M. de Oliveira
Advanced Fractal Companies use Information Supply Chains (ADRENALIN)
J. Martinetz, D. Markfort, A. Klostermeyer, N. Brehmer
eBusiness and eCommerce Based on a Novel Object-Oriented Database
G. Schaub
A Customisable Plug and Play Solution for SME WEB-Enabled Interconnection
F. Bonfatti , P.D. Monari
Management of Corporate Knowledge for Process Improvement in Manufacturing Companies
U. Fischer, D. Stokic, T. Beckmann
ICT Support for Dynamic Virtual Enterprises in One-of-a-Kind Industries
A.S. Kazi, M. Hannus
Managing the Development and Engineering Changes of Complex Products in a Distributed Engineering Environment
M. Goltz, R. Schmitt, M. Vanden Bossche
Analysing efficiencies in networked enterprises using Information Supply Chains
P. Walsh, A. Koumpis

Virtual Enterprise Co-Operation Model for Web-Enabled Production Management for SME-Networks
Petri KALLIOKOSKI(1), Ilkka SEILONEN(1), Martin OLLUS(1), Kari O. KOSKINEN(2)
(1)VTT Automation, PO Box 1301, VTT, FIN-02044, Finland
(2)Helsinki University of Technology, PO Box 5400, HUT, 02044, Finland

The paper deals with networking in manufacturing and is based on IMS project Gnosis-VF (ESPRIT 28448). In the paper we present a business process model of a virtual enterprise consisting of a network of SMEs and a co-operation model derived from and justified by the business process model. For this purpose, the paper presents an example of an industrial case network that applies the principles of the model. The new information technology needed for the implementation of the presented co-operation model contains XML, translations and semantic message standards.

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Global Engineering and Manufacturing in Enterprise Networks - GLOBEMEN
Jarmo LAITINEN(1), Martin OLLUS(2) and Matti HANNUS(3)
(1)YIT Construction Ltd, P.O. Box 36, FIN-00621, HELSINKI, Finland
(2)VTT Automation, PO Box 1301, VTT, FIN-02044, Finland
(3)VTT Building Technology, P.O. Box 1801, FIN-02044 VTT, Finland

The GLOBEMEN project aims to create IT infrastructures and related tools to support globally distributed and dynamically networked operations in one-of-a-kind industries. The aim is to guide and encourage the industry and IT vendors to develop and adopt improved IT infrastructures by combining the views and requirements of various industries. The project will demonstrate a functionality, which offers IT vendors attractive market opportunities for product development satisfying the needs of various industries world-wide. The measurable and tangible objectives of the project are to: (1) define industrial requirements and (2) compliant architectures for globally distributed product life cycle management, customer support, project and manufacturing management in the virtual enterprise, (3) implement proof of concept in industrial prototypes, (4) demonstrate core features of the architecture, and (5) promote deployment by IT vendors, manufacturing industry, academia and standardisation.

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Presentation of the IMS-project approach to analyze and improve logistics performances in production networks
Dr.-Ing. Martin RÜTTGERS and Dipl.-Ing. Martin WEIDEMANN
Research Institute for Rationalization and Operations Management (FIR)
at Aachen University of Technology, Pontdriesch 14/16, D-52062 Aachen,

The Internet represents a useful communication tool to make cross-enterprise business processes more transparent and to exchange essential information between enterprises of global production networks. Therefore, one of the main targets of the proposed IMS-project described in this paper is the development of a method to configure an architecture to support engineering and procurement co-operation across the value chain. This paper will show how suitable standardized information and communication processes will be determined across the value chain especially to evaluate the current organizational form of the extended enterprise. It explains how relevant performance ratios, derivable from existing IT-systems and their environments (ERP, SCM, e-Business), deal as the critical information input for the management of networks and how they will enable network coordinators to monitor, control, and improve their global networks. Furthermore, it discusses if such a Web-enabled support technique could also be used as a trouble shooting tool or early warning system.

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ICT-Supported Participative Simulation to Enable Integrated Intellectual Capital Management
Frans M. van EIJNATTEN(1), Roelof J. van den BERG(2), and Jan B.M. GOOSSENAERTS(1)
(1)Eindhoven University of Technology, Faculty of Technology Management, Pav.U10-T&A, P.O.-Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
(2)Baan Research & Development, P.O.-Box 143, 3770 AC Barneveld, The Netherlands

This paper describes the background and objectives of the IST project "Organizational Aspects of Human-Machine Coexisting Systems" (HUMACS), that develops and pilot-demonstrates a Participative Simulation environment for Integral (i.e., logistics, technology and human factors) Manufacturing enterprise renewal (PSIM). The PSIM project is a full-fledged European IST project that is a part of the interregional HUMACS project within the Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) research program. In the short run, HUMACS/PSIM aims to address the key issues that have to be resolved before a virtual factory can be implemented, and is focused on intelligent manufacturing to assist human creativity and the application of ICT technology. The long-term goal of HUMACS/PSIM is to show simulated assembly lines in a software environment, to be used in assembly operations to enable a participative improvement process involving specialized staff, management and production personnel.

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An Overview of IMS-HUTOP Project
Hiroshi TOMITA(1), Seiji HATA(2), Hiroyasu KOSHIMIZU(3), Katsumi KISHIMOTO(4), and Toshiya KAIHARA(5)
(1)SANYO Electric, 1-1 Dainichi-Higashimachi, Moriguchi City, Osaka, Japan
(2)KAGAWA University,2217-20 Shinmachi Hayashi-cho, Takamatsu City, Kagawa, Japan
(3)CHUKYO University,101 Tokodachi Kaizu-cho, Toyota City, Aichi, Japan
(4)DAINIPPON SCREEN Mfg., Teranouchi-agaru 4 Horikawa-dori, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan
(5)UMDS, 3-1 Gakuen-nishi, Nishi-ku, Kobe City, Hyogo, Japan

This project aims at establishing an "Advanced Human Technology" framework, meant to help design human-friendly business models, as well as manufactured products and manufacturing systems. In order to advance toward the next generation manufacturing system and eWork, we propose an entirely new product life cycle concept based on the dual viewpoints of customers and producers, which is applied technologies that evaluate human factors like emotional and physical sensibilities, knowledge and intelligence. It will be actualized in HUTOP concept that it will aim to acquire the requirements of individual customers and use them in designs, and maintain both worker's satisfaction and productivity under coordinating human and machine and creating a safe and comfortable working environment. Especially research projects in the fields of manufacturing, Supply Chain Management and eBusiness are the comprehensive parts of HUTOP, and aim to integrate all the fields.

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Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems
Peter BUNCE and Charles ANDERSON
CAM-I Inc.
20 Market Street, Poole, Dorset BH15 1NF, UK

Manufacturers who can adapt and reconfigure production lines to meet changing customer demands quickly will be the winners in the future. This requires manufacturing facilities to be rapidly reconfigured with an increased level of scalable and flexible automation to meet diverse product demands. A group of leading manufacturers in CAM-I's NGMS-IMS project has developed a novel and valid approach. This research and development focuses on the concept of developing a generic reference architecture model for the specification, development, control and reconfiguration of a manufacturing enterprise at a work cell level. It introduces the concept of scalable flexibility in manufacturing from the shop floor to enterprise level. The concept of a work cell is the building block for the hierarchical synthesis of large and complex systems at all levels of a manufacturing enterprise. This paper examines the challenges of designing a reconfigurable manufacturing system, discusses the concepts and the next steps.

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A dynamic management methodology with modular and integrated methods and tools for knowledge-based, adaptive SMEs: IMS Project SYMPHONY
Christoph MEIER(1), Petra JEHLE(1), Isabelle AFFOLTER(1), Laurent BROUYERE(1), Esther MERINO(1), Laurent SCIBOZ(2), Norman ROTH(3), Juan PRIETO(3), Jeroen KEMP(3)
(1) CCSO, Route du Mont-Carmel 1, 1762 Givisiez, Switzerland
Tel.: 0041 26 466 75 50; Fax: 0041 26 466 74 14;
(2) ICARE Research Institute, Techno-Pôle, 3960 Sierre, Switzerland
(3) Fraunhofer IAO, Nobelstr.12, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany

The IMS project SYMPHONY aims at equipping its target group - high-tech or service-oriented SMEs, or SMEs with a high information part in their value chain - with a dynamic management methodology with modular and integrated methods and tools supporting them in their key management processes. The SYMPHONY methodology will support SMEs' rapid adaptation to market and technological changes by means of dynamic and adaptive organisational structures and increased innovation potential, achieved through integration of knowledge in structures and products. Therefore - from an IT point of view - the information systems for SMEs have to be changed to integrated and multi-partner information systems. To achieve a high level of applicability and acceptance, SYMPHONY will develop a generic meta-model allowing dynamic exchanges between various information systems in SMEs.

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Harmony: Coping with the Complexity of Business Innovation
Dipl.-Wirt.-Ing. Björn SÖNDGERATH and Dipl.-Ing. Jörg MARTINETZ
Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation, IFF
Sandtorstraße 22, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany

Fast development of internet technologies is bringing new possibilities to use IT in industry beyond e-commerce and logistic network management. This article describes an Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) project HARMONY, that aims at improving the yield of innovation projects via an internet/intranet based support system. Within the frame of the HARMONY solutions entrepreneurs, support providers and investors work together on the selected innovation projects to considerably increase the probability of success. The system is based on a new language of communication and sharing of the business vision of the innovation between all stakeholders.

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Web Enabled Collaborative Forecast
Alvaro de OLIVEIRA(1), Jorge de OLIVEIRA(2) and Manuel de OLIVEIRA(3)
(1) Alfamicro, Alameda da Guia, nº192A, 2750-368 Cascais, Portugal
(2) Information Systems Department, London School of Economics, WC2A 2AE London, UK
(3) Computer Science Department, University College of London, WC1E 6BT London, UK

The relations amongst a network of companies are changing the way business is done with the ability to share data and knowledge with mutual benefits. Sustained competitiveness is driven by the flexibility of such collaboration mechanisms to provide customer satisfaction with lower costs while minimising stock holding and reducing wastage (e.g. food past its sell date) or mark-downs (e.g. end season sales of clothing). This paper addresses the underlying processes and supporting technologies which empower the supply chain organisation with powerful decision support tools based on accurate forecasting enhanced by collaborative business processes (ECF). The management issues involved and the methodology to overcome the existing barriers will be reported. It will be demonstrated how the pervasive Internet technologies together with an advanced but user friendly forecasting engine can bring under control the uncertainty driven by market changes.

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Advanced Fractal Companies use Information Supply Chains (ADRENALIN)
Jörg MARTINETZ, Dirk MARKFORT, Axel KLOSTERMEYER, Nick BREHMER
Fraunhofer-Institute for Factory Operation and Automation, IFF
Sandtorstrasse 22, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany

This paper describes the content of the ADRENALIN project, that was set up within the 5th Framework of the European Commission in the Information-Society-Technology-Programme. The vision of the ADRENALIN project it to open a new field for the Fractal Company concept in networked organisations, based on a modular and adaptive architecture and innovative information technologies. The resulting ADRENALIN Company framework will enable a market and opportunity driven reconfiguration of the supply chain. The ADRENALIN project aims at contributing to the development of real benefits in networked organisations in the context of globalisation and co-operation demands and efforts of European SMEs in order to guarantee competitiveness on international level. It deals with multi-party Supply Chain Management in networked enterprises. The problem tackled within this project is the function-orientation that the members of a networked enterprise currently show, that disables them from developing real benefits from this organisational structure.

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eBusiness and eCommerce Based on a Novel Object-Oriented Database
Gerhard SCHAUB
Diconsult GmbH, Grubmühlerfeldstraße 14c, 82131 Gauting, Germany,

e-Commerce systems usually deal with the Internet based selling of goods but do not take into account the whole of the supply chain management. In contrast this paper describes how e-Business and e-Commerce are combined with distributed e-Manufacturing based on a novel object-oriented database, This approach provides interesting solutions especially for small and medium companies because it is much cheaper than a RDBMS based system. The database runs entirely in main memory, is extremely fast but at the same time reliable and flexible. An example from the toy industry is shown comprising prediction of sales data, logistics and cost optimisation, production planning and control which extend available ERP systems. Via Internet the system provides not only the exact status of customer and production orders but also the ordering and automatic production of goods.

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A Customisable Plug and Play Solution for SME WEB-Enabled Interconnection
Flavio BONFATTI - Paola Daniela MONARI
Dept. of Engineering Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia,
via Campi 213/B, 41100 Modena Italy
Fabio GOLLINI
Democenter, viale Virgilio 55, 41100 Modena Italy

Small-medium manufacturing enterprises are ever more requested to work with a network of subcontractors, due to the need of specialising their work. Such network already exists but usually bases on an informal agreement that becomes stronger during time, when collaboration opportunities grow. SME networks need to share a lot of information in order to improve their collective work but it is also necessary to keep each factory independent from each other. We here will give a description of the solutions proposed during GNOSIS- VF EP project. Particularly, we'll refer to the Italian Test case. The resulting set of models and tools has been conceived in order to enable a run time configuration of the system, so as to dynamically adapt it to the Virtual Factories needs, that are supposed to change during time. The configuration facilities are an effective way of intending plug and play SW tools, when they need to support a changing environment. By means of configuration it is not necessary to re-install any tool, it will be sufficient to correctly configure it.

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Management of Corporate Knowledge for Process Improvement in Manufacturing Companies
Ulli FISCHER¹, Dragan STOKIC² and Thomas BECKMANN²
¹DaimlerChrysler AG, Mercedesstr. 133, E306/VEM, 704546 Stuttgart, Germany
²ATB-Bremen, Wiener Str.1, 28359 Bremen, Germany

The paper presents the development of two innovative methods and tools for the effective management of corporate knowledge needed to support the main process improvements steps, specifically for manufacturing processes. This development is currently carried out in the scope of the IST project PICK. The objective is to develop a method and tool for the capturing and utilisation of knowledge for identification of the reasons of problems, and a method and tool for management of knowledge for planning of actions to eliminate the reasons of problems and improve processes. These methods & tools will be tested within the real industrial environments of three large automotive and aerospace companies, end-users in the consortium, addressing several business cases. The main approach is to combine model based and heuristic methods for knowledge management with advanced multimedia and information/knowledge integration technologies.

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ICT Support for Dynamic Virtual Enterprises in One-of-a-Kind Industries
Abdul Samad KAZI and Matti HANNUS
1VTT Building Technology, P.O. Box 1801, FIN-02044 VTT, Finland

This paper presents some initial efforts from the recently started research project GLOBEMEN, whose focus is on defining and providing information and communications technology (ICT) support for dynamic virtual enterprises in one-of-a-kind industries. An exploration of the state of the art in ICT in terms of methods, models, and tools for distributed engineering is presented as a first step to identify the currently available functionality. Furthermore, an elaboration of the missing functionalities that will be harnessed/developed within GLOBEMEN is made. It is noted that the much-needed functionality of data/information exchange between heterogeneous systems was lacking. This is a core functionality that needs to be provided amongst others, to enable smooth operability of virtual enterprises in one-of-a-kind industries.

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Managing the Development and Engineering Changes of Complex Products in a Distributed Engineering Environment
Michael GOLTZ(1), Reinhard SCHMITT(2) and Michel VANDEN BOSSCHE(3)
(1)Institut fuer Maschinenwesen, TU Clausthal, Robert-Koch-Strasse 32, D-38678 Clausthal, Germany
(2)Siemens SGP Verkehrstechnik GmbH, VT5 FW6, Eggenberger Str. 31, A-8021 GRAZ, Austria
(3)Mission Critical SA, Wijnegemhofstraat 199, B-3071 Erps-Kwerps, Belgium;
 
This paper presents a concept to improve the management of developing complex product s in a distributed engineering environment. It will show a product data driven engineering workflow that is able to manage engineering tasks across company boarders. This approach is based on parameters, presenting the smallest product model element, and a user category concept to address tasks to the right persons. In addition, a concept for an architecture of a web-based Distributed Workspace will be given.
 
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Analysing efficiencies in networked enterprises using Information Supply Chains
Patrick WALSH(1) and Adamantios KOUMPIS(2)
(1)Prutech Innovation Services Ltd, Sunaura House, 1 Meath road Bray Co. Wicklow, Ireland. (2) Unisoft S.A. Research Programmes Division Michael Kalou 6 GR 546 29 Thessaloniki,
 
In this paper we present work carried out in the wider context of the IST ADRENALIN project, to facilitate formation and lifecycle management of networked enterprises (i.e. networks of suppliers and providers, clusters of contracting companies, Plug-In Enterprises, etc.). The concept of the Information Supply Chain comes from the IT world and has been developed as part of previous EU RTD activity in the ESPRIT4 Programme. Enterprise Information Supply Chains are important communication entities in Fractal Companies; their efficiency and optimisation will have very significant effect on the design and performance of the enterprises concerned (and in particular on networked organisations). The fractal concept leverages the fact that corporate entities within a company tend to replicate themselves and their characteristics from the micro (working cell) level through to the (macro) corporate enterprise.

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