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e2000 - Abstracts

Abstracts of Papers Published in the Conference Proceedings - Section 5: Procurement, Logistics and Supply Chain Management

Section 5: Procurement, Logistics and Supply Chain Management
SMARTMAN ICT - An e-procurement solution for organisations
S. Ristol
Strategies for Electronic Procurement - Possibilities and Risks
D. Knudsen, R. Lindroth, E. Larsson
Strategies for E-fulfillment -Changes in the logistics value chain
F. Straube, A. Lueck
Wireless identification revolutionizes the supply chain?
J. Holmström, C. Winquist, V. Kämäräinen
Electronic Procurement Solutions for Small and Medium Enterprises
R. Alard, I. Hartel, R. Hieber
SupplyPoint: An integrated system supporting e-business in the construction sector
S. Kerridge, C. Halaris, Gregory Menzas
B2B-ECOM: Open Standards for Inter-Operable e-Catalogues
E. van Roessel, P. Kesteloot, P. Howgate
The E-NTRY Web-based E-commerce Platform: an advanced infrastructure supporting Tendering, Bidding and Contract Negotiation
E. Coscia, S. Nicolodi, R. Doyle, A.Slade, K. Ginty, T.A. Shamsi , L. Ioannou, P. M. Chrissohoos
VESI - The Solution For Interorganisational Dynamic Supply Chains
R. Ahlers
Requirements and Business Models for Practical Trading Tools and Broker Services for Efficient Bidding and Procurement in the Tile Industry
O. Peters, J. Zabel, F. Weber
Pre-notified trucks pass the gate faster
F. Arendt
Modelling to support an eBusiness environment in the Feed Industry
I. Hunt, J.-C. Carillette, L. Callewaert
B to B Electronic Commerce Server with Virtual Market
T. Kaihara
Customer controlled e-logistics
J.T.W. Damen
XML-based Internet Communication for Advanced External Logistics
K. Fürst, T. Schmidt
The KARE eBusiness Strategy for the Acquisition and Supply of One-of-a-kind Products
D. Mòller, K. Heimannsfeld, D. Schaper

SMARTMAN ICT - An e-procurement solution for organisations
Santi RISTOL
SEMA GROUP sae - Av. Diagonal, 210-218. 08018 Barcelona, Spain

SMARTMAN ICT is an e-procurement solution for organisations that will allow creating virtual communities with their suppliers. This tool was obtained in the BRITE-EURAM project SMArTMAN SME that was developed between 1997 and 2000 by a European consortium with companies from Austria, Germany, Norway and Spain. The project has focused on pragmatic methods and tools for European SMEs. Applied research has had an SME-specific approach including strategic decision support, new organisational and management concept. Human and cultural factors have been explicitly included in this approach. As a result benefits for industry as well as for individuals in a multi-company system have been realised

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Strategies for Electronic Procurement - Possibilities and Risks
Daniel KNUDSEN, Robert LINDROTH and Everth LARSSON
Department of Design Sciences, Logistics, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden

In today's business society we can see numerous examples of organisations that are developing new processes for electronic procurement. Our newspapers are filled with articles on the topic - usually they are very positive in the reports of cost savings and lead-time reductions and enormous possibilities for entrepreneurs to earn large amounts of money. But there might also be drawbacks with electronic procurement. In this article we use a positive but critical approach to the phenomenon electronic procurement and thereby we can identify and discuss potential hazards, threats and strategic implications for companies that are involved in electronic procurement.

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Strategies for E-fulfillment -Changes in the logistics value chain
Dr. Frank STRAUBE and André LUECK
Zentrum fuer Logistik und Unternehmensplanung GmbH, Voltastrasse 5
13355 Berlin, Germany

Highly performing logistics processes are of extraordinary importance for the success of e-business models. This paper discusses main changes within existing logistics value chains necessary to fulfil e-business demands as well as main parameters which have to be considered when planning new logistics processes. A possible scenario for the fulfilment of consumer demands is shown in detail. The last part explains e-business related developments of logistics service providers who can generate new business through specialised e-fulfilment
services.

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Wireless identification revolutionizes the supply chain?
Jan HOLMSTRÖM(1), Christoffer WINQUIST(2) and Vesa KÄMÄRÄINEN(1)
(1) TAI Research Centre, Helsinki University of Technology, POB 9555, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland
(2) McKinsey & Company, Mannerheimintie 14A, FIN-00100 Helsinki, Finland

The basic technology for mobile Internet and e-commerce applications already exists, and is poised to serve as a major source of value innovation over the next few years. In the supply chain it is the wireless identification of both people and things that is set to play a key role in the next wave of rapid change. In this paper focus is on two specific areas of opportunity in the supply chain area based on wireless identification, i.e. proactive delivery such as dynamic replenishment or preventive maintenance, and responsive offerings - without a previous relationship - based on recognizing the identity of persons and objects.

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Electronic Procurement Solutions for Small and Medium Enterprises
Robert ALARD, Ingo HARTEL and Ralf HIEBER
Center for Enterprise Science (BWI)
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zurich
Zurichbergstrasse 18, 8028 Zurich, Switzerland

Concepts for cooperation and coordination across enterprise boundaries are becoming more and more popular. In addition to supply chain management so-lu-tions, Business-to-Business solutions in particular are undergoing major growth. One of the most important B2B applications is electronic procurement. The paper gives an overview of electronic procurement approaches that allow SME to build and optimize procurement business processes. A case study of a project partner in the mechanical engineering industry will demonstrate the kinds of potentials and bene-fits new generations of XML-based IT systems can offer to a supply chain of SME. Here the focus is not only on technical innovations, but also on the or-gani-za-tional impact on organizations and procurement processes. This serves to indicate the kind of IT systems and organizational aspects that are essential for managing pro-curement processes. The paper will end up with an outlook on future develop-ments of E-Procurement systems.

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SupplyPoint: An integrated system supporting e-business in the construction sector
Simon KERRIDGE(1) Christos HALARIS(2)and Gregory MENZAS(2)
(1)Centre for Electronic Commerce, University of Sunderland, Informatics Building-201, St. Peter's Campus, St. Peter's Way, Sunderland, SR6 0DD, United Kingdom.
(2)Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Patission 42, Athens 10682, Greece.

The rapid evolution of e-business in the past few years has introduced new ways for organisations to perform standard processes. In the construction sector most of the efforts have been focused on the tendering and bidding process. As a result many electronic tendering systems have already been developed and are currently in use, mainly in the USA, Canada, Europe and Australia, supporting basically the search for tenders and the acquisition of tender documents. The SupplyPoint system has been developed in order to electronically support and automate the whole tendering/bidding process providing, in addition to search facilities of current systems, a collaboration platform that could support - in a virtual manner - the formation of consortia. The system is partly funded by the European Commission under the ESPRIT Programme (EP-27007) and is currently under the final stage of development and testing.

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B2B-ECOM: Open Standards for Inter-Operable e-Catalogues
Eugene VAN ROESSEL(1), Pieter KESTELOOT(1) and Peter HOWGATE(2)
(1) WTCM, Celestijnenlaan 300 C, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
(2) Pindar Systems plc, Ryedale Building, Piccadilly, York Yorkshire, YO1 9WU, UK

B2B-ECOM develops a framework for catalogues - an e-market place - which connects players within supply chains by linking each other's catalogues and adding services that cannot exist using only paper catalogues. The proliferation of proprietary technology, formats and closed catalogue systems will hinder rather than promote e-commerce and the integration of supply chains. B2B-ECOM promotes interoperation and connects services from players within supply chains, and empowers them as partners to jointly enhance consumer relationships, feedback and services. As such the technology is no longer an afterthought in forming business strategy, but can be the actual cause of the driver for new business models and ways of trading to develop. Within the project major European players experiment whether barriers for take-up can arise from socio-economic aspects and build critical mass in anticipation of market maturity.

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The E-NTRY Web-based E-commerce Platform: an advanced infrastructure supporting Tendering, Bidding and Contract Negotiation
E. Coscia, S. Nicolodi, R. Doyle, A.Slade, K. Ginty, T.A. Shamsi , L. Ioannou, P. M. Chrissohoos
TXT Ingegneria Informatica (Italy)
British Maritime Technologies (Gb)
University of Sunderland (Gb)
TEAM (Italy)
OTE Hellenic Telecommunication Organisation (Gr)
Intracom (Gr)

The E-NTRY Project is focused on the design and development of an innovative Internet-based E-Commerce platform (E-NTRY) to support the 3 key processes of: Tendering, Bidding and Contract Negotiation. The E-NTRY goal is to enable more open, transparent, fair and, at the same time, more efficient and cost-effective industrial procurement practices. Users will be assisted to avoid ambiguities and incompleteness in Tender and Bid documents, to reuse materials produced in similar past experiences, to send and receive the Tendering Documents electronically with full account taken of security aspects. For this purpose, XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is used to give standard structure to the large amount of information managed by the E-NTRY tools and to enhance the interoperability among all the different tools. The use of HTML pages, Java applets and servlet, and HTTP protocol provides user-friendly GUIs to electronically browse, retry and exchange documents in a secure way, using the Internet.

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VESI - The Solution For Interorganisational Dynamic Supply Chains
Reinhard AHLERS
BALance Technology Consulting GmbH, Contrescarpe 45, D-28195 Bremen, Germany

The implementation of Virtual Enterprise (VE) technologies promises a high optimisation potential specially for project orientated industries like the maritime industry. The VESI (Virtual Enterprise System Integrator) developed by the DYCONET project will be a "socket" for VE integration based on the requirements of the shipbuilding industry. The requirements as well as the basic elements of VESI are described within this paper.

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Requirements and Business Models for Practical Trading Tools and Broker Services for Efficient Bidding and Procurement in the Tile Industry
Olaf PETERS, Jörg ZABEL, Frithjof WEBER
Bremen Institute of Industrial Technology and Applied Work Science (BIBA) at the University of Bremen, P.O. Box 330560, D-28335 Bremen, Germany

This paper describes the first results of the European project e.bip (IST-1999-10710), which aims to innovate the bidding and procurement processes of tile layers by establishing a new broker service in the supply chain of the tile industry. The paper outlines different generic e-broker models and describes the concept of the e.bip broker service. The objective of the service is to support the co-operation between tile manufacturers, wholesalers and building contractors as well as provide a virtual market place to carry out electronic negotiation, ordering and invoicing and increase the availability of product characteristics.

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Pre-notified trucks pass the gate faster
Frank ARENDT
Institute of Shipping Economics and Logistics (ISL)
Universitätsallee GW 1 Block A, D-28539 Bremen, Germany

Intermodal transport is efficient through combining the best of different transport modes. One of the focus points of the COREM project is the link between truck and sea transport in order to support a smooth transfer of goods from one carrier to another. As one result, trucks can now notify the terminal of their arrival and consequently pass procedures faster in the Bremerhaven container terminal. A success story for co-operative eWork in intermodal transport.

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Modelling to support an eBusiness environment in the Feed Industry
Ingrid Hunt¹, Jean-Claude Carillette², Lieven Callewaert ²
¹CIMRU, National University of Ireland, Galway;Tel. + 353 91 750414;Fax. +353 91 562894 ²OM Partners nv ,Michielssendreef 40-48,B-2930 Brasschaat, Belguim

Electronic Commerce is on the increase in many industries, as organisations expand online ventures and set up electronic supply chains. The feed industry is just one of the many industries who want to get on the bandwagon of eBusiness success. This industry like others are facing challenges, causing their organisations to reflect on how they can change their infrastructure. The impact of e-Commerce is so pervasive and as a result of the fast pace of change organisations in all sectors need to develop strategies for the effective integration of their supply chain activities. The key to a successful eBusiness is not only to concentrate on the technology itself but also to decide the way forward for the business. After deciding on how the business wants to move forward then the technological solutions can be determined. This paper discusses the work of the CHAINFEED (A dynamic networked virtual supply CHAIN for co-operative resource planing in FEED related production, IST-1999-10625) project, whose industrial partners are organisations in the feed industry. The efficient delivery of feed and services to the farmers and the information needed by the consumers is a critical component for the feed industry. Determining the most efficient and effective way of achieving this will provide this industry with the necessary IT tools for greater process efficiencies. The paper informs on the development of a model for dynamic networked and virtual organisations within this industry and thus facilitating co-operation and the inter-operation of business processes within an eBusiness environment.

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B to B Electronic Commerce Server with Virtual Market
Toshiya KAIHARA
University of Marketing and Distribution Sciences
3-1, Gakuen-nishi, Nishi, Kobe 651-2188, Japan

B to B Electronic Commerce (EC) technology is now in progress and is regarded as an information infrastructure for global business. As the number and diversity of EC participants grows at the agile environment, the complexity of purchasing from a vast and dynamic array of goods and services needs to be hidden from the end user. Putting the complexity into the EC system instead means providing flexible auction server for enabling commerce within different business units. Market mechanism could solve the product distribution problem in the auction server by allocating the scheduled resources according to market prices. In this paper, we propose an auction server for B to B EC with market-oriented programming that mediates amongst unspecified various companies in the trade, and demonstrate the applicability of the economic analysis to this framework. The proposed server facilitates sophisticated B to B EC, which conducts a Pareto optimal solution for all the participating business units, in the coming agile era.

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Customer controlled e-logistics
J.T.W. DAMEN
KPN Research, P.O. Box 421, 2260 AK Leidschendam, The Netherlands

The lack of adequate flexibility in logistics is a major obstacle for e-commerce. Logistics service providers can not cope sufficiently with demands for services that fit within the e-commerce paradigm. E-logistics, the logistics part of e-commerce, has to deal with: individualized treatment; full customer control; virtual, decentralized and dynamic environment. In general, logistics systems are mainly based on fixed chains of processes, and therefore are not prepared for e-logistics. Service Controlled Agile Logistics (SCAL) - a new model for logistics control - is shown to fulfil the requirements for e-logistics. The paper describes the SCAL model in the context of e-logistics and the background from which it has been derived. It briefly shows a simulation and some preliminary results, and puts the model into a broader perspective for future development.

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XML-based Internet Communication for Advanced External Logistics
Karl FÜRST and Thomas SCHMIDT
Institute of Flexible Automation, Vienna University of Technology,
Gusshausstrasse 27-29/361, A-1040 Vienna, Austria
In this paper, a complete concept for Internet Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) - a well-known buzzword in the area of logistics and supply chain management to enable the automation of the interactions between companies and their partners - using XML (eXtensible Markup Language) will be proposed. This approach is based on Internet and XML, because the implementation of traditional EDI (e.g. EDIFACT, ANSI X.12) is mostly too costly for small and medium sized enterprises, which want to integrate their suppliers and customers in a supply chain. The paper will also present the results of the implementation of a prototype for such a system, which has been developed for an industrial partner to improve the current situation of parts delivery. The main functions of this system are an early warning system to detect problems during the parts delivery process as early as possible, and a transport following system to pursuit the transportation.

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The KARE eBusiness Strategy for the Acquisition and Supply of One-of-a-kind Products
Dirk MÜLLER, Klaus HEIMANNSFELD and Daniel SCHAPER
Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University Clausthal
Robert-Koch-Str.32, 38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, GERMANY

The Knowledge Acquisition and Sharing for Requirements Engineering (KARE) project develops a distributed engineering environment called the KARE workbench that integrates knowledge and requirements engineering. The main two goals of KARE are to improve the requirements engineering (RE) process communication between customer and supplier in an invitation-to-tender or a bid and to improve the quality in terms of ambiguity and completeness of the product specification used for the bid. The approach is furthermore complemented by a process to identify existing products that can be used directly or which can be adapted to fulfil the developed specification. A key aspect of the KARE workbench is the ability to interact with commercial off the shelf (COTS) tools by supporting the emerging STEP XML standard and CORBA interfaces. More information about the KARE project can be found under http://www.kare.org/.

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